IDDE Knowledge Bank
The Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination (IDDE)
Knowledge Bank is a compilation of IDDE
and tools and compiled by Lori and made readily available for fellow
IDDE practitioners. Please feel free to suggest additions to this content
by e-mailing Lori at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Join the IDDE Group page on LinkedIn to discuss IDDE issues with practitioners around the country – conversations have revolved around water quality monitoring equipment, managing field data, public outreach and more.
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range of photos for training, cross-training and education and outreach
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This is a compilation of IDDE and IDDE-related scientific literature and is the most comprehensive assemblage available to date (to my knowledge anyway). Presented here are only those items readily available on the internet; in some cases, only the abstract is available for free.
American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) Environmental and Water Resources Institute.(2014). Pathogens in Urban Stormwater Systems. Prepared by the Urban Water Resources Research Council’s Pathogens in Wet Weather Flows Technical Committee.
Brown, E., D. Caraco, and R. Pitt. 2004. Illicit discharge detection and elimination: A guidance manual for program development and technical assessments. Prepared by the Center for Watershed Protection and University of Alabama.EPA X-82907801-0. Washington, DC: US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Wastewater Management.
Divers, M., E. Elliott and D. Bain. 2013. Constraining Nitrogen Inputs to Urban Streams from Leaking Sewers Using Inverse Modeling: Implications for Dissolved Inorganic Nitrogen (DIN) Retention in Urban Environments. Environmental Science & Technology.47: 1816-1823.
Duke, L. D., and Kihara, M. M. 1998.Water Quality Concerns and Regulatory Controls for Nonstorm Water Discharges to Storm Drains.JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 34(3), 661-676.
Fenz, R., A. Blaschke M. Clara, D. Mascher and M. Zesser. 2005. Quantification of sewer exfiltration using the anti-epileptic drug carbamazepine as a marker species for wastewater. Water Science and Technology. 52(9):209.
J. and S. Hobbie. 2013. Influence of storm drain baseflow to nutrient
loading, University of Minnesota Stormwater Research Updates. 8(6).
Irvine, K., Rossi, M. C., Vermette, S., Bakert, J., and Kleinfelder, K. 2011. Illicit discharge detection and elimination: Low cost options for source identification and trackdown in stormwater systems. Urban Water Journal, 8(6), 379-395.
Kaushal, S., P. Groffman, L. Band, E. Elliott, C. Shields, and C. Kendall. 2011. Tracking Nonpoint Source Nitrogen Pollution in Human-Impacted Watersheds.Environmental Science & Technology.45(19): 8225-8232.
King County – University of Alberta. 2014. Mobile Water Kit: Pilot Field Test for Detecting Bacteria Rapidly in Stormwater& Surface Water. King County Dept. of Natural Resources and Parks, Seattle, WA.
Lalor, M., Pitt, R., and Royer, M. D. 1998. Assessment Strategy for Evaluating the Environmental and Health Effects of Sanitary Sewer Overflows from Separate Sewer Systems. Rep. No.EPA/600/X-98/XXX, US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Lilly, L., B. Stack and D. Caraco. 2012. Pollution loading from illicit sewage discharges in two Mid-Atlantic subwatersheds and implications for nutrient and bacteria total maximum daily loads. Watershed Science Bulletin (3) 1: 7-17.
McLaughlin, M. T., McCormack, K. D., Kuhn, M. S., and Higuchi, R. P. 2002.Sleuthing illicit connections in the Village of Romeo storm sewer.Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, 2002(17), 566-574.
McPherson, T., S. Burian, M. Stenstrom, H. Turin, N. Brown and I. Suffet. 2005. Dry and wet weather flow nutrient loads from a Los Angeles watershed. Journal of American Water Resources Association. 41(4): 959-969.
Orange County Sanitation District (OCSD). 2005. Status Report on the Development of a Reporting Methodology for Subsurface Discharges of Sewage. Brown & Caldwell, 400 Exchange, Suite 100, Irvine, California, US.
Pennington. S. R., M. D. Kaplowitz, and S. G. Witter. 2003. Reexamining best management practices for improving water quality in urban watersheds. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 39(5): 1027–1041.
Pitt, R., Field, R., Lalor, M., Adrian, D. D., and Barbé, D. 1993. Project summary—Investigation of inappropriate pollutant entries into storm drainage systems: A user’s guide. Rep. No. EPA/600/SR-92/238, US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Storm and Combined Sewer Pollution Control Program, Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory, Cincinnati.
Pitt, R., and Rittenhouse, B. 2001.Methods for detection of inappropriate discharges to storm drainage systems.Background literature and summary of findings,# EPA X-82907801-0. Washington, DC: United States Environmental Protection Agency. Prepared for: USEPA, Office of Water-Water Permits Division., USA.
Ruzicka, K., M. Zessner, A. Blaschke, R. Fenz, M. Clara and H. Kroiss. 2011. Evaluation of the success of sewer reconstruction by using carbamazepine as an anthropogenic marker in groundwater. Water Science and Technology. 63(4): 727.
Sauer, E. P., VandeWalle, J. L., Bootsma, M. J., and McLellan, S. L. 2011. Detection of the human specific Bacteroides genetic marker provides evidence of widespread sewage contamination of stormwater in the urban environment. Water research, 45(14), 4081-4091.
Schueler, Tom, C. Lane and B. Stack. 2014. Recommendations of the Expert Panel to Define Removal Rates for the Elimination of Discovered Nutrient Discharges from Grey Infrastructure. Chesapeake Stormwater Network, Ellicott City, MD.
Sercu, B., Werfhorst, L. C. V. D., Murray, J., and Holden, P. A. 2008. Storm drains are sources of human fecal pollution during dry weather in three urban southern California watersheds. Environmental science & technology, 43(2), 293-298.
Sercu, B., Van De Werfhorst, L. C., Murray, J. L., and Holden, P. A. 2011. Sewage exfiltration as a source of storm drain contamination during dry weather in urban watersheds. Environmental science & technology, 45(17), 7151-7157.
Stein, E. D., and Ackerman, D. 2007. Dry Weather Water Quality Loadings in Arid, Urban Watersheds of the Los Angeles Basin, California, USA. JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 43(2), 398-413.
Tuomari, D. C., and Thompson, S. 2004. Sherlocks of Stormwater Effective Investigation Techniques for Illicit Connection And Discharge Detection. Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, 2004(16), 1252-1259.